This is how I explain what’s going in America to my 9 and 12 year old who were born while President Obama was in office. I am hopeful for positive changes for me and for them. You can’t be silent when you have two beautiful brown boys in front of you wanting to know what’s going on.


A-American Revolution

C-Consequences of Slavery

I-Implicit Bias

S-Systematic Racism

M- Microaggression


In the United States and Canada, redlining is the systematic denial of various services by federal government agencies, local governments to residents of specific neighborhoods or communities, either directly or indirectly.

American Revolution

The American Revolution was a colonial rebellion which occurred resulted in the Independence of the United States of America from the British Empire.

Consequences of Slavery

Slavery had a variety of different effects on the American economy, from giving wealthy Southern landowners a free labor force to potentially restricting economic growth in the South, which relied heavily on slave -driven agriculture.

This produced problems between rich white and poor black communities, the consequences of which still haunt America today.

Implicit Bias

An implicit bias/unconscious bias, or implicit stereotype, that is passed down. Implicit stereotypes including race and/or gender that are shaped by experience and learned.

Systematic Racism

Deep rooted racism in all levels of the society. The US justice system contributes to the systematic racism against African Americans.

Systemic racism”, or “institutional racism”, refers to how ideas of white superiority are captured in everyday thinking at a systems level.

Individuals may not see themselves as racist, but they can still benefit from systems that privilege the majority.


Microaggressions have been defined as brief and common daily verbal, behavioral, and environmental communications, whether intentional or unintentional, that transmit hostile, derogatory, or negative messages to a target person because they belong to a stigmatized group. (Google)

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